The Eighteenth National Congress of the CPC regards urbanization as a major initiative to solve the structural problems that constraint sustained and healthy development of China's economy, and stresses the road of new urbanization with Chinese characteristics, which requires us to accurately grasp the law of urbanization and establish scientific action framework to promote new urbanization. As the starting point to serve the government decision-making and enterprise investment, this book re-examines urban management and investment from the perspective of urban consumers; and summarizes and refines those innovative practices and ideas in the process of new urbanization, so as to provide reference information for the policy development and top-level design of new urbanization. The book is divided into overall reports and sub-reports which contain three parts: special reports, regional reports and practical reports.
The overall reports include two articles. The first is Urban Consumer: New Perspective for Urbanization, which, on the basis of concluding practices of different places, creatively puts forward the concept of urban consumer through interpreting the relationship between human being and urban development; further, the article systematically clarifies the meaning and both theoretical and practical foundations of urban consumer, pointing out that the concept of urban consumer will conduce to reshaping the philosophy of urban management and investment, which provides a new perspective and starting point for understanding and implementation of urbanization for human being. The second article is Evaluation of Urban Development on the Perspective of Urban Consumers, which conducts a statistical study about urban consumer on both in quantity and quality to measure the impact and radiation ability of city, as well as the contribution of urban consumer. In addition, by constructing an evaluation index system for urban development, this article tries to provide reference points for city management and investment of governments and enterprises.
The special reports contain a total of twelve articles. These articles summarize the policy environment, development status and existing problems of many fields, including collective construction land, real estate, investment and financing, industrial transformation and smart city etc.; and then propose targeted solution methods that meet the requirement of new urbanization. This section has many bright spots, for example, An Analysis of China’s Urban, Land and Housing Problems expounds the urban land supply patterns and operation mechanisms of land finance through analyzing the impact of local governance structure and tax distribution system on urban land finance and local financing platforms, which has some enlightenment on the reform of urban planning, land policy, real estate taxes and other areas. For another example, Changes in Urban Investment and Financing Brought by New Urbanization points out that during the future city financing, governments would turn out to be independent credit subject, platform enterprises will be more market-oriented, and social companies will transform into the comprehensive operators of the city, providing important referent value for both government and enterprises.
Regional reports focus on area study and include three reports which are Urbanization Development Report of Pudong New Area, A Study of Development Strategies of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Region based on the Comparison of Three Major Urban agglomerations of China and On Urban-rural Culture Spatiotemporal Integration based on the New Type of Urbanization—A case study of Wuhan City circle. These three articles respectively analyze the development of each area from different aspects and thus advocate some recommendations.
Practice reports select several demonstration cases in different areas’ process of new urbanization. There are three reports in this parts, respectively concluding the experience and actions of land secondary development, public-private-partnership and smart city, to provide lessons and inspirations for other cities.